Not as gorgeous as a rose, not as passionate as a carnation, not as bright as a daisy; African violet has a unique beauty, not mixed with any flowers. Surely, flowers sow in people’s hearts so much nostalgia. What makes this flower so magical? How to bring an African violet back to life? We will help you learn it all!
This article contains:
- African Violet: Simple Origin, Noble Spirit
- African Violet – The Color Of Flowers Of Love
- How To Bring An African Violet Back To Life?
- Attention When Taking Care Of An African Violet
- How To Bring An African Violet Back To Life Are Always Lush In Winter
- The technique of cutting violets hoa
African Violet: Simple Origin, Noble Spirit
In 1982, during a trip in the tropical forests of Tanzania, Africa, the German explorer, Baron, Water von Saint Paul discovered a dreamy purple flower, prominent on thick leaves, healthy. Saint Paul immediately sent the plant and seeds of this unique flower to his father in Germany. Flowers quickly became popular and spread throughout Europe at that time.
Later, Herman Wendland, a famous botanist at the Royal Botanic Gardens in Herrenhausen Germany, named the flower Saintpaulia (scientific name Saintpaulia Ionantha) in honor of its discoverer – Baron Saint Paul.
In addition, two species, Saintpaulia. Ionantha and Saintpaulia. Confusa (double petal purple and single petal purple), became the two flower varieties that started most of the later African violets. Therefore, it can be said that although coming from an idyllic and liberal African country, Europe is the nurturing cradle for Saintpaulia to shine her beauty and spread it around the world.
And thanks to that, when enjoying Saintpaulia, we will feel the rustic beauty of the true African land blending with the aristocratic European breath.
The reason Saintpaulia is commonly known as the African Violet is partly from the place where they were born (Africa) and the flower’s original color is purple like the Violet flower. Therefore, the graves have called the flower with an affectionate and easy-to-remember name, the African Violet.
African Violet – The Color Of Flowers Of Love
If asked to a flower lover impressed by the African Violet, they will smile gracefully that “Beauty lies in their color”. That’s because the African Violet has a wide range of colors but is extremely unique, unmistakable by any flower color.
Not too bright, not too gorgeous but not too faint, easy to forget, the sweet colors that are “remembering” of African violet keep entering people’s hearts ever since. It can be innocent purple, dreamy pink, pure white, romantic dark pink, or a gentle blend of blue-purple that gives the viewer so many unspeakable worries.
But not stopping there, those who are subtle also realize the charm of the African violet lies in their very shape. The delicate, elegant flowers are nestled softly in the dense, sturdy leaves, beautiful veins like a lovely muse in need of protection, seducing anyone who loves.
And when you choose African Violet to decorate your living space or give it to anyone you love, it also means that the giver and the receiver have a fluttering heart and a delicate and romantic soul.
Another remarkable thing about African violet is that it gives you great relaxation. The shape of the flower pot at first glance does not seem very attractive, because the flowers are in the middle and low, while the leaves are many and thick around.
However, in the West, this is a plus because the shape of such flowers resembles wildflowers (wildflowers). When grown indoors, it will create a feeling of closeness to nature, bringing both romance and relaxation.
In addition, research conducted at the University of Surrey, also shows that the flower color range of African violet is very gentle, not too dazzling, so it will bring visual comfort and calm the soul in times of stress. straight.
Distinctive features of lily-of-the-valley flowers
The lily of the valley is known to be one of the easiest ornamental flowers to grow and bloom quickly. The lily of the valley is quite diverse in the world with hundreds of types and designs of flowers, different colors depending on the living environment conditions of the tree. Some species of lily of the valley have spots on the leaves, some have wavy white petals.
Adult lily-of-the-valley is about 30 cm tall, the leaves are rounded to oval in size 2.5-8.5 cm covered with fine hairs. Each lily-of-the-valley flower is 2-3 cm in diameter, single-lobed, and has 3-10 flowers or more on a slender spike. The color of the flowers is usually purple, light blue, white, pink.
How To Bring An African Violet Back To Life?
Saintpaulia tree (also known as African violet) is a beautiful, colorful flower that is now grown in many countries. The plant can be grown from seed, stem cuttings, or propagated, with about 1,000 different varieties.
If you want lily-of-the-valley flowers to stay fresh in winter, follow this care process
The lily of the valley flower, also known to many people with the beautiful name African Violet, is a beautiful, easy-to-grow flower that blooms all year round, especially in cold winter weather or low temperature. Grow for beautiful flowers if you take care of the plants according to this process!
The following is the process of planting and caring for Saintpaulia micropropagation plants. Domestication of micro propagated plants Micropropagated seedlings are drawn, washed, and tamed in cages kept moist on coir substrates, watered, and misted continuously to keep seedlings moist for 2 to 4 weeks.
Saintpaulia plants do not tolerate direct watering, which causes softening of leaves and death of seedlings. At this stage should not be watered, fertilized. Transfer plants to pots After the plants have been completely tamed and are healthy, they can be planted in small pots. Since the Saintpaulia tree has a very small and thin root, planted with a lot of soil, the tree will not grow.
The substrate used is clean soil, coir peat, rice husk ash (1:1:1). Plants are planted in pots (10x12cm) or planted in beds and are sprayed with mist twice a day, most suitable in the morning and afternoon. Indoor potted plants can be grown in a water bath on small dishes of water without misting. At this stage, start fertilizing the plant.
The most suitable fertilizer is N:P: K fertilizer with a ratio of 30:10:10 or 20:20:20. Saintpaulia plants need very little fertilizer, so only mix the dose using 1/4 of the dose as directed on the fertilizer label for every 10 to 15 days.
Light Saintpaulia plants prefer shade (indoors), do not tolerate direct light. After 3 to 4 months of planting, the plant begins to bud and flower. During the flowering stage, the plant needs more light. The flowers are bigger and more beautiful, and sometimes the light intensity for the plant (using indoor lights) is maximum from 2 to 3 hours a day in the evening.
Temperature When flowering, the cooler the temperature, the more suitable. During this period, it is recommended to increase misting for plants (in case of placing in the garden) or to put plants in a cool place (where the temperature is below 30 degrees Celsius).
Saintpaulia can be propagated from petioles in pots of sand or sand mixed with coir (1:1) to keep moisture. In this way, one petiole can produce 2 to 3 seedlings in 4 to 8 weeks. Seedlings can be separated and planted as directed. With proper regular care, Saintpaulia plants can flower continuously and last year-round.
Attention When Taking Care Of An African Violet
Africa or Saintpaulia are blossoms local to Tanzania. These blossoms require exceptionally essential consideration and support and can sprout inside. On the off chance that you need to light up your living space by adding a couple of beautiful blossoms, African violets can be an extraordinary decision.
Choosing the right vase and the right size is the first step in growing African violets. These plants have shallow roots so don’t use large pots that are about 20 cm; it also uses good soil with ph acid along with coarse sand: a mix of soil and sand makes the water flow more efficiently. It’s not necessary to periodically remove your African violets, but if the roots don’t have room to grow, transfer them to a slightly larger pot, preferably in spring.
Water the African violet old or heated water can harm the plant. You can likewise utilize refined water. Try not to utilize water-containing conditioners. Water the plant when the highest point of the dirt looks dry. It is sufficient to water the plant each four or five days.
Try not to get the leaves wet when you water. Water should be added to the dish, and any overabundance water ought to be depleted after about thirty minutes. Never overwater, as this can prompt form issues and resulting blossom decay. Plastic pots are superior to dirt pots since water is held for a more extended time frame.
Plant the plant in the right soil for the easiest care of African violets. Special blends are available or make your own from peat moss, vermiculite, and perlite in equal parts.
Never let the soil dry out between waterings. Water the container slowly so that the soil surface is completely saturated and excess water drains out into the dish. Make sure the water is at room temperature or slightly warmer to prevent any chance of spotting leaves if waterfalls on the foliage.
Apply a liquid fertilizer to the plant at the recommended intensity each time you water, allowing the excess to drain to a plate, which you can then discard.
African violets need an even measure of light. Nonetheless, the brutal beams of the sun can be hurtful. It is ideal to put the plant close to the windowsill in the first part of the day and evening and safeguard it from the sun when it is excessively warm.
Additionally, give the pot a little turn each time you water it. This will assist the tree with developing all headings. You can likewise utilize a fluorescent light, whereby these blossoms sprout delightfully, with day by day openness of around 16 to 18 hours.
African violets develop best between 17 degrees Celsius and 24 degrees Celsius. Marginally lower temperatures around evening time are liked. Mugginess ought to be moderate. Never place plants close to broilers, cooking ranges, or before vents or climate control systems.
You should consistently give additional supplements to your African violets. Various composts are accessible, obliging the requirements of African violets at various development stages. Each watering can incorporate composts added at a pace of one-quarter teaspoon per gallon of water.
African violets should be filled in a reasonable estimated pot. The suggested pot width is 33% of the full breadth of the plant. At the point when the plant becomes quicker than a pot, it should be replanted in a bigger pot. In any case, you should stay away from pots that are excessively huge, as this will prompt an absence of water. At regular intervals, wash away overabundance soil and salt by pouring water and allowing it to deplete.
Consistently eliminate additional leaves and old, yellow leaves from the tree. Standard consideration by delicate brushing of leaves, and convenient expulsion of dead foliage will bring about better plants.
You can forestall most sicknesses and contaminations that influence African violets, by following basic measures. You just need to utilize clean pots for planting. In the wake of really focusing on your plants, ensure you wash the hardware altogether. Shape arrangement on leaves and soil is a typical issue. Appropriate air flow can help forestall form.
Irritations like vermin, thrips, and mealybugs blossom with African blossoms. You can keep away from an invasion by keeping any new plants in a different room, away from African violets. Following half a month, you can decide whether the new plant is pervaded. Never use pesticides that don’t ensure safe use on African violets.
How To Bring An African Violet Back To Life Are Always Lush In Winter:
In winter, the weather is cold, the sky is gray and gloomy, making people’s moods also become deeper, but watching the lily-of-the-valley flowers blooming in the middle of winter weather will make the mood more comfortable. Your house or balcony becomes more colorful. So how is the process of planting and caring for the lily of the valley, need to prepare seeds, planting soil, and fertilizing, please refer to it.
How to choose a lily-of-the-valley plant?
There are two methods of full-grown lily of the valley to take care of the most that are sowing seeds and cuttings.
Sowing seeds of lily of the valley
Buy seeds from the flower shop and bring them back, gently sow the seeds in nutrient-humus soil, the distance between the seeds is 3-4 cm, then cover the seeds with a thin layer of soil. Put the pot of sowing lily of the valley in a cool place, the soil moisture is from 40-60%, regularly water the plant. Depending on the environmental conditions, most care is within 9-60 days of lily-of-the-valley seeds to produce seeds of lily of the valley.
Propagation of lily-of-the-valley from petioles
The other and simplest way is to propagate the petiole flower, just put the petiole on the pot of sand or sand mixed with coco coir, water regularly every day to keep the sand moist. From 4-8 weeks from petioles can produce from 2 to 3 seedlings. At this time, when the seedlings have grown, proceed to plant and take care of them.
Light of lily of the valley:
This plant is suitable for growing in shady places, does not tolerate direct light. After growing from 3-4 after planting, the plant begins to produce buds and flowers. At this stage, the plant needs a lot of sunlight, so it can be placed at the window or balcony where sunlight shines throughout the day. If you want flowers to bloom big and beautiful, increase the light intensity for the plant to a maximum of 2 to 3 hours a day in the evening.
The temperature of lily of the valley:
When flowering, the cooler the temperature, the more suitable for the plant, so in the winter, the cold weather is very suitable for the lily-of-the-valley flower to grow and bloom. During the flowering period, it is advisable to increase the misting of the plants or place the plants in a cool place with a temperature below 30 degrees Celsius.
Fertilize lily-of-the-valley flowers
In addition to the nutrient-rich soil, the caretaker can add N:P: K fertilizer to the tree at a ratio of 30:10:10 or 20:20:20. Because the plant needs very little fertilizer, only mix the dose equal to 1/4 of the dose as directed on the fertilizer label for every 10 to 15 days.
Watering lily of the valley:
Need to water immediately after the plants and sprouts are fixed. If you water too much, you should wait until the soil in the pot is completely dry before watering again, because if the pot is stagnant water will cause the plant to rot. Do not water at midday in summer or late evening in winter, do not let the water and air temperature differ by more than 5°C, otherwise, it will lead to leaf spot disease.
The technique of soaking the seeds of African violets
Propagated by seeding method, seeds soaked in water for 24-36 hours, changed water twice a day, cleaned sour water. Pick up the seeds and incubate at a cool temperature of 22-25oC for 7-10 days, the seeds are cracked and can be sown. Before incubation, seeds should be soaked in a solution of Daconil 50BTN or Zineb 80WP with a concentration of 0.3% for 1 hour to kill pathogens that exist in the seed coat.
Sow seeds like vegetable seeds, cover for the first 20 days. Sowing density of 2-3g seeds/m2. When the plant has 1-2 true leaves (25-30 days), it is planted. Do not plant when seedlings have >2 true leaves, flowering plants will be low, with few branches, fast flowering, poor yield, and quality of flowers.
Technique of cutting violets hoa
This is the simplest and most common method used with indoor plants. First, choose healthy, disease-free branches, use a knife to cut off the part 1.5 – 2cm from the stem, after drying, bring the cuttings about 0.5 – 1cm deep (can take a fixed leaf as mold) into the solvent. keep the air humidity at a high level and the temperature is 18-24°C, usually, 21 days after the cuttings will take root, 2-3 months the plant will germinate, so the cuttings should be about 6cm deep. Normally, green leaves need 8-12 months to flower, and spotted leaves need more than 12 months. How to grow Violet flowers all year round.
Choose cuttings from a healthy, pest-free mother plant. On the mother tree, choose to cut the twig branch (the stem is brownish-green, not too old but not too young). Each cutting is about 10 cm long, with at least 2-3 healthy sprouts. Use a sharp knife to cut. Beveling at an angle of 45 degrees to have the largest contact area with the medium will give the highest rooting rate. Cut off all leaves, leaving only the petiole about 1-2 mm.
You can cut the cuttings directly into the pot, into the pot, or in the nursery, a bed to root, grow into a seedling and then transplant it into a pot.
Preparation of the substrate: The composition and ratio of the mixture include: 1m3 of loose alluvial soil + 5kg of NPK synthetic fertilizer + 1 kg of lime powder + 150 kg of rotting manure. Mix the mixtures well and then put them in pots, pots for direct cutting or create beds in the nursery to nurse plants. When putting the medium into pots or pots for direct cutting or planting seedlings should not be filled, but should only be poured about 1cm from the mouth of the pot or the potting surface.
Direct cuttings into pots or pots with the size of 18 x 18 cm already have enough substrate: Plug the base of the cuttings into the pot of the medium, each pot or pot should be planted with 3 evenly spaced branches.
Geraniums can be planted in beds or in ornamental pots to be arranged in pure-color decorative carpets or interspersed with many different colors in the yard of the house, hotel, villa, or walkway where the park is very beautiful. and lively.
Flowers are not very picky about soil, are drought and cold tolerant, and require to be planted in a place with a lot of light, need less fertilizer but balance the ratio of N.P.K. The nitrogen of many trees is easy to fall, the problem of getting seeds and sowing seeds is very important to pay attention, choose good plants without pests and beautiful flowers as seeds. When cutting trees to get seeds, cut the main branches that are ripe and yellow, remove 1/3 of the upper and 1/3 of the lower branches.
Only then will the new plant flower evenly. Seeds need to be dried thoroughly in the shade and then wrapped in newspaper and put up in the kitchen attic where the fire is far away. When sowing, rub the peel to thin, then soak your hands in warm water for 6-7 hours, then wash the sour water and then put it in the refrigerator to handle, after wrapping it with a cloth. The next day, it is washed again and further processed called cold treatment, treated 5-7 times like that, the seeds will germinate and sow.
It is also easier to do the above than to incubate the fabric many times and then cover it with thick straw, do it continuously for 5-7 days. Cracked seeds are sown. Sow very carefully on well-made soil, cover with straw and water.
After 7-8 days, the seeds become small trees, then peeled off, the plants have not given true leaves, only 2 cotyledons 1-2cm high, then uprooted and planted. Only then will the seedlings be healthy later.
When planting the soil, you also need to do it carefully, water it thoroughly before planting. Before pulling the tree, it must be watered, or after pulling the plow, bring water to keep the plant from wilting, use a small stick like a knitting needle to poke holes, plant a tree at each root, gently press the base to steady it, then use a kettle.
Sprinkle water on the stump and water it vigorously, the tree collapses, the leaves stick to the ground, the tree is easy to die or it takes a long time to recover, water it like this for a few parts and then use a light watering hoe to keep it moist all the time.
Soil needs to be fertilized but not much, density 20x25cm, always watered, weeding by hand without needing to cultivate. Sowing in mid-September of the lunar calendar, planting at the end of September, at the end of November, the tree begins to reach the top of the new year. If it is warm and sunny, but the tree grows early, it is necessary to press the top to the other top. If slow, push stool harder.
African violet is a very versatile plant: in winter it can live comfortably indoors, in summer it can be exposed outdoors, beware of strong, unwelcome air currents. . The only two things he needed and never lacked were light and water.
Violet is a plant born in underdeveloped conditions, so avoid exposure to too much direct light during the summer. A good method is to calculate a corner of the terrace or house where light filters are present for 4-5 hours a day. An exposure time during winter can and must be increased.
Water the plant 3 times a week, taking care never to wet the soil and leaves. Like any plant to grow, African violet needs repotting. When you realize that the roots can’t find the right space anymore, it’s time to move on. Repotting should be done in the spring when the plant is at rest.
Do not buy too large jars, calculate the maximum diameter of 20 cm. In addition to planting and repotting, it is also possible to regenerate it. There are two main methods: the first involves cutting two or three leaves with a blade, including the stem, and stuffing the latter into a jar filled with wet sand, for at least 15 days.
After the roots are marked, insert the new seedling into the mixture of sand, peat, and soil. The second method is to fill a glass jar with water and cover the mouthpiece with a piece of aluminum foil. In the center of the vase, drill a hole and insert the petiole so it can get wet and come into contact with water.
Let it soak until the roots grow and then transplant it into a vase. African purple is suitable for decorating small spaces (partitions, library shelves), even for the so-called “bottle garden”.
Pests like whiteflies, mites, or aphids can be a threat to your houseplants. If such a problem occurs, spray African insecticide with a mild insecticide or antibacterial soap. Remove dead or wilted flowers as soon as you spot them and ensure that you provide adequate spacing between containers to avoid the appearance of pests.
Another method for how to bring an African violet back to life is to dip the new cut in a rooting hormone to encourage root growth, then place the cut in a pot of soil and peat. Keep the container in a well-lit place and water it regularly.